København - Cairo tur/retur: Om transnational politisk aktivisme under karikaturkrisen og det ‘arabiske forår’

  • Lasse Lindekilde
Nøgleord: København, Cairo, transnationalitet, karikaturkrise, det arabiske forår

Resumé

Recent scholarly work on political protest has often highlighted the potential of new social media in gathering transnational support and driving political reforms, not least in authoritarian regimes. This idea seems to have won even more credence after the ‘online revolutions’ of the ‘Arab spring’ in early 2011. However, as this article demonstrates, attempts at creating transnational exposure of national political issues through various forms of transnational political activism may also, under certain circumstances, be linked to significant costs. The article delivers an empirical analysis of the effects of Danish Muslims’ transnational activities during the Muhammad cartoons controversy in 2005/06 on subsequent Muslim claims-making. The article argues that the envisioned ‘boomerang effect’ of the transnational activities – the attempt to put pressure on Danish authorities by contacting political and religious authorities in the Middle East – backfired on Danish Muslims. The transnational move was successfully ‘securitized’ by elements of the media and the political elite, inviting soft forms of repression against especially the Muslim actors involved in the delegations of primarily religious authorities that travelled to Egypt, Lebanon, and Syria in December 2005. These actors were forced into a more defensive mode of claims-making soon after their return to Denmark through processes of name-calling and stigmatization. Building on this case study, the article concludes by suggesting some theoretical modifications/specifications of the boomerang model of transnational activism.

Forfatterbiografi

Lasse Lindekilde
Lasse Lindekilde, er siden 2009 ansat som adjunkt ved Institut for Statskundskab, Aarhus Universitet. Han er ph.d. fra Det Europæiske Universitets Institut i Firenze på en afhandling om danske muslimers reaktioner på publiceringen af Muhammed-karikaturerne (2008). Hans primære forskningsinteresser er religiøs aktivisme, teorier om sociale bevægelser og integrationspolitik. Senest har han forsket i radikaliseringsprocesser, forebyggelse af radikalisering og spørgsmål om tolerance og tolerancens grænser i forhold til minoriteters politiske deltagelse. Han har publiceret adskillige international tidsskriftsartikler og bogkapitler om disse emner, heriblandt; “Neo-liberal Governing of ‘Radicals’: Danish Radicalization Prevention Policies and Potential iatrogenic Effects”, under udgivelse i International Journal of Conflict and Violence, maj 2012. “Radicalization and the Limits of Tolerance”, under udgivelse i Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, april 2012, sammen med Lene Kühle. “Soft Repression and Mobilization: The case of Transnational Activism of Danish Muslims during the Cartoons Controversy”, International Journal of Middle East Studies, 42(3). 2010. “Muslim Claims-making in Context: Comparing the Danish and the Swedish Muhammad Caricatures Controversies”, Ethnicities, 9(3), 2009, sammen med Göran Larsson, Göteborg Universitet.
Publiceret
2017-02-04
Citation/Eksport
Lindekilde, L. (2017). København - Cairo tur/retur: Om transnational politisk aktivisme under karikaturkrisen og det ‘arabiske forår’. Tidsskrift for Islamforskning, 6(1), 9-36. https://doi.org/10.7146/tifo.v6i1.25304
Sektion
Artikler: Temasektion