Selvets teknologier, e-læring og neo-traditionel islamisk selvudvikling

  • Kasper Mathiesen
Nøgleord: islam, e-læring, selvudvikling

Resumé

This article addresses the ways in which contemporary Muslims make use of the Internet to establish new kinds of communities of practice and learning associated with the technologies of the self and Islamic self-cultivation. Within the confines of the new communities the fundamental aspiration and ambition is similar to that of the classical tradition, but the non-physical framework simultaneously yields new possibilities and new challenges in regard to learning. The didacticaltheoretical point of departure of the analysis is above all the social psychological learning perspective developed by Lave and Wenger. The analysis is based on a representative example of elearning from the Islamic learning portal Sunnipath/Qibla and is especially related to the transnational and globally influential Bâ’alawiyya order, here construed as an exponent of a broader neo-traditional Islamic current. Patterns of learning and of learning within the confines of the ecommunity of practice are compared with more traditional and physically constituted contexts of situated learning through participation in intensified Islamic practices of self-cultivation. On the basis of observation, participation and interview material from both types of contexts the learning patterns of the new virtual communities of practice are analysed with an emphasis on presence and motivation in regards to learning.

Forfatterbiografi

Kasper Mathiesen
Kasper Mathiesen er Bachelor i religionsvidenskab og Master i Islamiske Studier fra Københavns Universitet (2009). Siden 2010 har han været ansat på Aarhus Universitet, Institut for Kultur og Samfund, på et PhD-projekt om neo-traditionel Islam, nutidig transnational spiritualitet og religiøs læring. Hovedfokus i forskningen er Ba'alawi-traditionen, en oprindeligt yemenitisk tradition, der i løbet af de sidste ca. 500 år er blevet spredt over hele regionen omkring det Indiske Ocean. I nutiden har traditionen ydermere spredt sig til Vesten. Projektet undersøger hvorledes "Traditionel Islam" og Sufisme i nutiden læres og kommunikeres. Ydermere fokuserer projektet på transmission af "Traditionel Islamisk" religiøsitet og Sufisme fra centre i den traditionelle islamiske verden til resten af verden.
Publiceret
2017-02-04
Citation/Eksport
Mathiesen, K. (2017). Selvets teknologier, e-læring og neo-traditionel islamisk selvudvikling. Tidsskrift for Islamforskning, 6(1), 54-82. https://doi.org/10.7146/tifo.v6i1.25306
Sektion
Artikler: Temasektion